UGRWCD Annual Board Meeting – June 24, 2019

The Board of Directors of the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District will conduct the annual board meeting on Monday, June 24, 2019, beginning at 5:30 p.m. The meeting will be held at the District offices, 210 West Spencer, Suite B, Gunnision. An agenda will be posted prior to the meeting.

Watershed Management Planning Work-Group Meeting

There will be a Watershed Management Planning work-group meeting held on Wednesday, June 26, 2019, beginning at 10:00 a.m.  This meeting will be held at the District offices, 210 West Spencer, Suite B, Gunnison.

Watershed Management Planning Committee

The next meeting of the Watershed Management Planning Committee will be held on Monday, June 10, 2019, beginning at 1:00 p.m. This meeting will be held at the Upper Gunnison District offices, 210 West Spencer, Suite B, Gunnison. The public is encouraged to attend this committee meeting.  An agenda will be posted prior to the meeting.

Glossary of Terms

The loss of all or part of a water right due to non-use or the failure to prove diligence on a conditional water right resulting in the loss of the right and its placeholder status relative to other water rights.

A water right that is granted permanent status when water has been physically diverted or controlled and put to beneficial use.

A volume of water equal to one foot in depth covering an area of one acre, or 43,560 cubic feet. This is equal to approximately 325,851 gallons.

A judicial process through which the existence of a water right is confirmed by court decree.

The action taken by the State Engineer’s Office when there is not enough water physically available to meet the demands of all water rights holders within a river basin.

The right to take water from a natural stream or aquifer for beneficial use at a specified rate of flow, either for immediate use or to store for late use.

An underground layer of sand, gravel or rock through which water can pass and is stored. These supply the water for wells and springs and may be alluvial or nontributary in nature.

A court-approved plan that allows a water user to divert water out of priority so long as adequate replacement is made to the affected stream system and water right in quantities and at times so as to prevent injury to the water rights of other users.

Lawful and prudent use of water that has been diverted from a stream or aquifer for human or natural benefit.

The exercise by a senior water right holder of “calling” for his water rights, requiring junior water right holders to allow water to pass to the senior right holder.

This is a contract between Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and California that was authorized by Congress in 1922 which controls the division of water from the Colorado River.

The CWCB was created by the Colorado legislature in 1937. This board is comprised of 10 voting member who are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate as well as 5 non-voting members. The CWCB’s mission is to “conserve, develop, protect, and manage Colorado’s water for present and future generation.”

The legal preservation of a priority date that provides a water user time to develop a water right while reserving a more senior date. This becomes an absolute right when the water is actually put to beneficial use.

Any use of water that permanently removes it from a natural stream system.

This documents the physical diversion and consumptive use of a water right over a period of time.

One cubic foot of water passing by a single point for one second. This is a standard unit of measure for water flowing in rivers and streams.

An official document issued by the court defining the priority, amount, use and location of a water right.

Reductions of water usage, accomplished either through temporary measures such as restrictions during a drought, or through long-term conservation programs.

This is the effort accomplished by a conditional water right holder to physically use water for a beneficial purpose, thereby perfecting the water right and making it absolute. Diligence must be proven to the court every six years in order for the conditional water right to remain active and secure its decree date.

Water diverted from a river or stream for use without interruption between diversion and use except for incidental purposes.

The removal or controlling of water from its natural course or location by means of a ditch, canal, flume, reservoir, bypass, pipeline, conduit, well, pump or other device.

A long-period of below-average precipitation.

The amount of water that through careful management and use is reasonably required to be applied to a tract of land for a length of time that is adequate to produce the maximum amount of the crops that are ordinarily grown there.

An indicator of the well-being and natural condition of ecosystems and their functions. These indicators are influenced by natural changes in environmental conditions. Increasingly ecosystems are being affected by environmental stressors associated with human activities.

A process by which water, under certain conditions, may be diverted out of priority at one point by replacing a like amount of water at a downstream location.

A sloped channel that is utilized to convey water and is commonly constructed of wood or concrete.

Relating to the form of the landscape and other natural features of the earth’s surface.

Any water that exists beneath the Earth’s surface

A structure that controls the amount of water entering a diversion

The act of depriving a senior water right holder of their full water right.

Water flowing in a natural stream bed or water required for maintaining stream flow or riparian habitat.

Water rights that were obtained more recently and therefore are junior in priority to older or more senior rights.

A needs assessment is a systematic process for determining and addressing needs, or “gaps” between current conditions and desired conditions.

The water demand that is expected to occur in the future after reductions for natural replacement and conservation.

Water draw for use that is not consumed, such as water diverted for hydroelectric generation.

Underground water in an aquifer that neither draws from nor contributes to a natural surface stream in any measurable degree.

A stream or a river is over-appropriated when it does not have enough water to meet the needs of all the water rights holders.

This is water that does not contain pollution, contamination, objectionable minerals or infective agents and is considered safe for domestic consumption.

The water law doctrine that confers priority to use water from natural streams based upon when the water rights were acquired.

The right of a senior water rights holder to divert from a natural stream before junior water rights holders.

The date a water right is established and is assigned by the water court.

A quantified amount of water is permitted to remain in the stream for recreational uses and will be protected from other uses that would diminish the decreed flow under the priority system. Kayak and other whitewater recreation course are the most popular forms of RICDs.

An impoundment to collect and store water.

Water that returns to a stream after it has been used.

Any portion of land that borders a natural water course. These areas can be sensitive ecosystems hosting species of plants and animals that are dependent upon this type of environment.

Water that flows on the surface of the Earth into streams, rivers, lakes and oceans.

The process by which an organization involves people who may be affected by the decisions it makes or can influence the implementation of its decisions.

The voluntary relinquishment of a water right’s priority to selected or all junior water rights.

Water located on the Earth’s surface.

A decision-making concept describing development that meets the needs of the present without compromising future generations.

The amount of water lost as it flows from one place to another. This can occur from evaporation, seepage into the streambed, and uptake by vegetation in the riparian area, among other things.

The removal and transport of water across the Continental Divide. These diversions are 100% consumptive use as no water is returned to the basin of origin as return flow.

A stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.

The area from which water drains by gravity into a water course.

Water that is below the Earth’s surface that is physically or hydrologically connected to natural stream water so as to affect its flow whether in movement to or from that stream.

A property right to make beneficial use of a particular amount of water with a specified priority date.

Areas of standing water or a high-water table that under normal circumstances support vegetation typically adapted to saturated soil conditions. These generally include swamps, marshes, bogs, and areas with vegetation that grows in or around water.

Is the percentage of water supplied to the plant that is effectively taken up by the plant that was not lost to drainage, bare soil evaporation or interception.

A systematic approach for monitoring and protecting the ecological health of a river’s watershed.

The land area, or catchment, that contributes water to a specific water body. All the rain or snow that falls within this area flows to the water bodies as surface runoff, in tributary streams, or as groundwater.

We value our Valley’s ranching and recreational community that thrives in an incredible natural setting which contributes to our spiritual wellbeing and promotes a commitment to environmental stewardship.

Ag Venture Day

Ag Venture Day

Spring is the time that the grass begins to grow, and the cows start calving. In Gunnison, Colo., spring is also the time to teach local students about agriculture firsthand. Through the small animal show and Ag Venture Day, students got to learn first hand what agriculture is all about.

The small animal show was held on April 16, and was put together by the Gunnison Valley Cattlewomen. The Gunnison FFA chapter volunteered at the event, and nearly 600 students attended the event.

“The purpose of this event was to get kids to appreciate the animals they are around. A lot of kids don’t know what these animals are for. We had one young man that said when this animal turns into meat, will it be chicken, pork or fish? That’s the kind of stuff we are dealing with. People don’t realize cows have to be milked in order to have milk for them to drink,” said LaDonna McLain, the organizer for the show.

The show has been an annual event in Gunnison since the 1960s, and McLain has organized it since the 1980s.

At the show, students from the ages of pre-school through second graders got to see and learn about draft horses, full size horses and a foal, miniature horses, dairy cows, beef cows and a calf, pigs, chickens, rabbits, ducks, goats, sheep, puppies and kittens.

The students were broken into groups and went to each station to learn about each animal, and how they are used on the farm. FFA members were stationed at each booth to teach the children about the differences in the animals.

“We put one FFA kid with each of the animals to explain to the kids what they are and show and tell what they are and what they do,” said McLain.

The event also had a station with a local rancher, Lee Spann. Spann talked about what it is like to be a rancher. “One of the things he highlighted was at one time we had 30,000 head in this area, and now we are down to 6,000. He also talked about managing the cattle, and what he does for them every day. He was very down to earth and he related to the kids,” she said.

Each student was given a bag with information on beef, a cookie, a gummy worm, which is a beef byproduct, and coloring books that talked about agriculture.

“We are really promoting beef, but we want them to have experience with everything. People don’t know where eggs come from. They think it comes from the grocery store. If you work with the little kids, they will be better adults when they get there. You have to show them where their food comes from,” explained McLain.

One of the students to help with the event was Tyler Haas, a junior at Gunnison High School and a FFA member.

“We scattered around the livestock and went over all different things with the kids. We really enjoy working with the cattlewomen on this. It’s a highlight community service project that we do each year. We are just going over the basics with the kids. One of the questions I was asked was what kind of a milk comes out of a colored cow. We had to explain to the kids that there’s a difference, but we won’t get chocolate milk. We also helped to explain the difference between a dairy and a beef cow,” Haas said.

He added, “I helped with the beef stage. I went over the differences phases of the cattle industry including branding, calving, and summer grazing on pasture. It’s a big deal for the FFA and we look forward to it each year.”

The beef cattle that were at the event belonged to Haas, who started his own business called Haas Show Cattle. He currently has 13 head of cattle, and hopes to continue raising cattle, even after high school.

Haas also helped at the Ag Venture Day which was help on April 17 at the W-Mountain ranch near Gunnison. A total of 550 students and their teachers arrived at the ranch, where they unloaded into a set of cattle pens.

“Ag Venture day for Gunnison County kids is an annual affair, but this year they had no idea they were going to be educated by walking the actual footsteps of a rancher, or rather the footsteps of a cow,” said Eric McPhail, Gunnison County Director for Colorado State University Extension.

“CSU Extension has always been a leader in agricultural education, from agents teaching kids about 4-H livestock projects to teaching the producers about land management. However, this day was different, and it was evident from the smiles on all the kids’ faces,” he said.

On Ag Venture day, students were again broken down into groups, where they traveled from station to station, learning about the different parts of a live, working ranch.

One of the stations was taught by McPhail, who talked about cattle marketing and transportation. The kids went through the system as if they were the calves. The girls and boys were separated into pens of steers and heifers, and then weighed on a large cattle scale.

“Then it was through the rickety gates and manure to the ring, where the kids were auctioned off to the highest bidder and heard the actual sounds of a livestock auctioneer,” he said.

Through this process, McPhail talked about the educational side of how they are marketed. “Cattle are sold by the pound by either public or private treaties. If a calf brings a dollar, that doesn’t mean that it only brings a dollar. Scales have to be certified and a state policeman checks to make sure. The boys enjoyed learning that they typically bring more money than the girls; however, their boasting was short, as they learned they typically don’t live as long as the girls,” he explained.

After that, the students were brought up the chute into a semi cattle trailer, where they got to see how the inside works and how the cattle are transported. “Truly, it was an experience for the kids, but also for their teachers, as very few had ever been that close to a cattle trailer, much less inside of one,” he said.

Stations like this one helped the students to get a first hand experience of what it is like for a cow. “The kids had fun and learned a tremendous amount about our local cattle ranchers, how their life isn’t all glamour, and everyone came away with a bit more respect for the rancher and his love for animals,” McPhail said.

Other stations included branding, taught by a local brand inspector; cattle grazing for land conservation, taught by a local USFS manager; rancher equipment and working lifestyles, taught by local ranchers; and food, taught by extension 4-H agent Nadine Henry.

Haas also volunteer at Ag Venture day, and taught a station about grazing. “We were trying to get out the message that we are here on the high mountain pastures, so we need to protect them so we can use it every year. Sometimes it hard because it’s human instinct for people to think something and just go with it, so events like this are really important because it teaches people what really happens,” Haas said.

McPhail agrees that teaching students is vitally important. He said, “Agriculture is the oldest and debatably the most important industry in America, but yet kids today know nothing about it. Honestly, most adults are so far removed from ag, that they need educating also. However, our kids are the ones going to be feeding the world in a few years. Kids need to know where our food comes from, and this is one industry that needs to be shown to kids, not just told from a story book, so that they can make their own informed decisions in the future.”

Water is Life: Recreation on the River

“Water is Life: Recreation on the River”

Cheryl Cwelich

22 January 2019

Snow crunches underfoot, as we follow the trail around the riverbanks of Gunnison’s Whitewater Park, just west of Gunnison off Highway 50. Layla, a playful black lab bounces around through the mounds of white, occasionally venturing too close to the ice and water’s edge for her human companion, Paul Raymond, as he talks about his love of water and boating. “Water is unique in that it is one of the few liquids that expands when frozen,” Paul explains as we make our way through slender winter willows. “I love natural science, I’m kind of a nerd.”

Paul Raymond’s sandy beard matches his deep voice and big paddler shoulders – a rough and ready kind of guy, not a typical “nerd.” Wearing a pair of Western’s red and black shades, he fits the position as President of Western Colorado University’s Whitewater Club well. Since he was a youngster, Raymond has been in love with water, learning to kayak at ten years old at a summer camp, instructing at fifteen, and competing as a class V boater at sixteen. “As I always say, water is life.” Our conversation meanders through the challenges and highlights of boating, with him nearly even drowning once, though he has never let that hold him back from being on the water. Boating, like any recreational activity, has the potential to push you or even be scary. Paul keeps going. 

We continue to follow Layla tracks in the snow at the Whitewater Park; thinking of waves, boats and paddles. A Western Recreation and Outdoor Education student in 2002, saw the potential for a play area for boaters, and in 2003 the Whitewater Park was developed. The first drop feature in the Whitewater Park, one of the newest water rights on the Gunnison River, also raises the level of the water to the headgate of the ‘75 Ditch,’ the oldest water right on the Gunnison River, ending the necessity to put a bulldozer in the river every summer to create a partial dam to raise the level. That new water right held by the upper Gunnison District, is a Recreational In-Channel Diversion (RICD), which allows for a certain amount of flow in the river for recreational purposes. This makes the Whitewater Park, site of the annual Gunnison River Festival in June, possible. It has become a hub for people looking to get outside, surf a wave, sunbathe in the autumn sun or walk their inquisitive and frisky dog in the crisp of January.

Boating for Paul Raymond goes far beyond the Whitewater Park, something he uses mostly for meeting up with buddies and instructing. When the spring runoff comes, he is up paddling in the mountain creeks. The Gunnison Basin is unique for its array of boatable creeks and streams, a testament to its usually enviable snowpack. Passionate and excited, Paul talks about different creeks, particularly the Slate River and the Oh Be Joyful Race, which brought him to Colorado in 2012. An avid kayaker then and now, he saw a video that had been posted online of some dudes sending it on the Oh Be Joyful waterfall during the race and Paul knew that he had to experience it for himself. “OBJ is a classic, and classic meaning that it’s the best of its kind.” For Raymond, it’s the kind of boating worth sticking around for. These days he is the Coordinator of the Oh Be Joyful Race, which help to educate the public on water issues and donates to a local non-profit conservation group.

At the end of this semester, Paul will be graduating from Western Colorado University with a degree in Recreation and Outdoor Education. He is looking forward to graduation, and he is hopeful for good water flows for the OBJ race this year. Last year, there was not a race due to low flows. Paul doesn’t worry too much about the future of water, trusting water managers to do what they do best, though it does concern him that water users can become too divided rather than work together. He also hopes to see science help in the development of reclamation and conversation efforts, especially for agricultural uses, which has the highest use of water. Considering how to bring water users together, Paul offers, “I think well organized and open discussion about water science, use, management, and planning are crucial to making sure that every group is represented and has their needs met.” Entering DU’s Sturm College for Law this upcoming fall, Paul will be facilitating many of those kind of conversations. For now, walking around the snowy banks of the Gunnison Whitewater Park, we, and a very happy black dog, hope that the snow keeps falling.

From the chilly banks of the Whitewater Park, I find myself inside the warm, wood cabin-style boathouse on West Tomichi Avenue, Carollyn Cherry, a kind-hearted and perceptive owner and manager of Scenic River Tours, smiles at me brightly. This boathouse sings of the countless visitors who have had the privilege of floating down the Gunnison River, SUPPing Blue Mesa… or experienced the thrill and rapids of Taylor Canyon. Old canoes from the Gunnison Gorge and maps from years previous speak to the depth of knowledge and skill of her and the SRT guides. Faces smiling and surprised in photos speak of guides, friends and companions here and gone with love, affection and nostalgia. As her surroundings show, Carollyn works in the recreation industry because she deeply loves outdoor recreation. Listing off her different favorites, she recounts: “Skiing, rafting, fishing, hunting, sailing, hiking, biking, climbing – Whatever you can name. I mean, where do you stop?!” she asks, laughing merrily.

Carollyn has lived and worked in the Upper Gunnison Valley for thirty years. After graduating from North Dakota State University, Carollyn saw an ad for CBMR’s former student program and decided to come out and ski for a winter. Like countless others in this area, that one winter turned into many and she never left. “I realized I could work outside and make a living.” Recreation has become her way of life; she and her co-owners, Ches Russel and Dustin Brown, have followed and made their passion for the outdoors their livelihood.

As the owner of a rafting business, water is a way of life. Giggling gleefully, she talks about how much she enjoys being on the river in her ducky “The river takes you places you can’t get otherwise.” As a lover of nature, water is life, flowing through everything, from the faucet, to the ditch, through the animals, such as bear, bobcat and elk, Carollyn loves to watch out her back door, and through to the river on which she plays and makes a living. For her, “water is a powerful thing, “it is all-encompassing, in every aspect of life.”

Looking into the future of water is unsettling. Climate change projections show a 10-25% decrease in average annual runoff. This is something that worries Carollyn, wishing we could prevent climate change. Hopeful with the snowy winter, Carollyn wonders if Mother Nature will be gracious and give us more water for the season ahead. She knows we need to listen to the Earth -“We are seeing weird things in the woods. There’s marmots in Almont and pika are at lower elevations that I’ve ever seen. We need to listen to the Earth.”

Being a business that relies on water flow, Scenic needs consistent water flows during the rafting season to stay in business. That could change with both climate and those in power. In order to deal with the effects of climate change on water patterns and a growing population, a demand management program on our rivers are being considered by seven Colorado River states. Demand management could mean reductions, voluntary or mandatory for consumptive users; the recreation community will benefit from the program, since it will leave water in the streams. Carollyn is very aware of the DCP, having attending many Water Congress meetings, outdoor recreation conventions and seeing articles in the local newspaper. With a state that is already “plumbed,” she sees the need for more, and intuitive water management. In a water-hungry world and future, her worry is, “the influence of power and money in decision-making.”

Carrolyn deeply appreciates the way the District manages water flow and works with every entity, including Scenic and the overall boating community, in the watershed management conversation. In her mind, the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District is doing a great job juggling different interests. “They are making a difference in how water is managed.”

Water is life. It makes us, sustains us; it connects us to one another and to our home. We play in it, are challenged by it and use it in one way or another to making a living. Recreation isn’t just something the young kids and tourists do; we all do it in one form or another. Like water, recreating and playing are necessary to life. People like Carollyn re-create their lives around water in the upper Gunnison Valley. Fortunately, we have water managers in the Gunnison Basin that have made recreation apart of the water management conversation. Let’s keep that conversation going.

Get involved in water conservation by clicking here! We want to talk to you.

2019 Grant Program

Tubing the Slate River in Crested Butte

This is the 10th year for the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District’s Grant Program.  For 2019, $150,000 was allocated for funding assistance.  The deadline for applications was February 28, 2019 and the District received over $250,000 in grant requests.  All of the requests were diverse and beneficial to the water users in the basin.   In the March meeting, the Board of Directors approved the Grant Committee’s recommendations and awarded the full allocated amount of $150,000.  This round of funding brings the total to over $1.25 million in grant funding since 2009.  The District staff and Board of Directors thanks everyone for their participation and look for to working with all of the 2019 grant recipients.


2019 Grant Program

2019 represents a full decade of the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District’s Grant Program with over $1.25M in funding for local water users.  We received over $250,000 in grant requests just for 2019.  The entire $150,000 available for funding was provided to a very diverse group of requests.  These projects range from conservation efforts to infrastructure improvements and will benefit a large range of water users in the Upper Gunnison Basin.  The Board of Directors would like to thank everyone for their interest in our Grant Program and look forward to another successful year in 2020.

Hands on in Tomichi Creek

By: Taylor Paulson, Intern

The best way to really understand a river is to wade right in.  It can be very calming to get away from the busy main streets of town and wander through the tall grass and growing aspen trees to Tomichi Creek.  Tomichi Creek is a tributary to the Gunnison River that flows by the town of Gunnison, Colorado, from the Continental Divide and Monarch Pass Area.

Jesse Kruthaupt with Trout Unlimited leads the way to Tomichi Creek.  We are conducting a river cross section with a staff gauge in order to begin the flow measurements.  We are going to be taking a cross section in order to measure the flow of the creek.  Jesse reads the staff gauge to get the reference point for the flow readings and sets up the tagline (a measuring tape that crosses the river to measure the river’s width) perpendicular to the river for an accurate cross section.  Once the flow meter is set up to the handheld computing device, each water column can be measured for an average flow which is measured in cubic feet per second.  Jesse assesses the cross section of river and determines that average flow measurements will be taken at two feet intervals.  This means that each water column is two feet wide and the depth is taken concurrently with the average flow for that given two feet wide section or water column of the creek.

As I assist Jesse with the flow meter, we notice the trout in Tomichi Creek rising to feed on the flies buzzing along the surface.  It’s a cooler morning in June but the creek is still low for this early in the year.  I can’t help but think of the consequences the valley will face in this low water year.  The fish are particularly sensitive to rising temperatures.  High flows are great for the trout because the water stays colder and there is more area in the river for the fish to hole-up.  In lower flows the temperature fluctuates more easily and forces the fish to drop into the deepest part of the river.  This results in more fish in each hole fighting for food sources in a smaller area.

This year I choose to be optimistic and hold out hope that monsoon season treats the Gunnison Valley well while protecting the fish and well as the people living here.

Behind the Scenes of the 2018 Gunnison River Festival

By: Taylor Paulson, Intern

Every year the Gunnison River Festival seems to go off without a hitch and this is no small task.  There is  something unique about the River Festival in Gunnison, Colorado that sets our town apart from the other festivals on the western slope.  There is a dedicated team that gets up early and stays up late to double and triple check the details of the Festival.  This includes ensuring the events, times, forms, equipment, and prizes are all ready to go, weeks in advance.  There is an inspiring amount of collaboration between organizations and sponsors in order to fund this multi-day celebration of our local rivers.

On Friday night, June 22nd, were the annual Taylor River Raft and Kayak races.    The Taylor River Raft Race begins at Todd’s Slot and takes out at South Bank.  Once all of the competitors have registered, picked a race jersey and paid their dues, the Festival volunteers organize each respective race and set the starting order.  The raft teams set off in two-minute intervals.  As soon as the first teams are off, volunteers must split up and meet down at the finish to record the rafters’ times.  Once all of the rafters have gone, the kayak race can commence.

There were 15 kayaks registered and it is one mass start.  Competitors set their kayaks on the bank and wait for the whistle to get into their kayaks first.  The competitors are moving fast, some too fast to control their boat.  There was one participant that fell sideways twice and eventually fell out of his kayak.  Others pushed off the bank before completely sealed in their kayak.  The kayak winner was the first to touch the bank at South Bank.

Saturday morning, June 23rd, the events started early.  This year we began at the North Bridge at 8:00 a.m to help rally and organize floaters in a memorial float for local water enthusiast and legend, Matt Brown.  Volunteers handed out Festival belt buckles to all rafters before the Brown family and close friends led the pack down to the Whitewater Park.  At the same time another volunteer, Molly McConnell, was rallying the vendors who have been lined up for booth space riverside for the remainder of the day’s events.  These vendors are an eclectic mix of organizations from the Upper Gunnison valley and elsewhere and they are important for protecting and maintaining our beautiful river as well as supporting outdoor recreation.  Competitors and spectators come from near and far to enjoy the sunshine, food, drink, and hilarious commentary for each event.

As soon as the memorial float came into the Whitewater Park, family and friends shared kind words and bestowed a plaque on the 3rd water feature center rock.  This makes sure that all will see the plaque and be reminded to share love for each other, this valley, and our beautiful rivers.  At this point, the celebration of our rivers is underway with the Canine Big Air Competition starting things off.  People brought their dogs up to the trailer that overhangs an eddy at the Park and throw their dogs toy of choice to see which can jump the farthest.  Some dogs launch up to 11 feet off the trailer while others get scared and run off the trailer to chase their toys in the river the old-fashioned way.  The winner this year was Griz who jumped an amazing 12 feet.

The next events were the Stand-up Surf Competition and the Freestyle Kayak Competitions.  These were held at the third water feature and always pull in lots of spectators.  Competitors of all ages get into the water of the feature and show off their moves.  The announcers initiate the laughs for the Inflatable Rodeo and many of the competitors end up in the river.  The Inflatable Rodeo also looks for audience reactions for the coolest raft tricks in the third feature wave.  The final event this years was the SUP Downriver Race.  A short but intense sup race goes through all three water features at the Whitewater park.

When all of the events have concluded, the vendors pack up the tents and trucks and head over to Main Street for the Upslope Brewing beer garden for beer and live music.  All of the winners from the day are announced and another successful Gunnison River Festival comes to close.

Gunnison River Festival


Due to our amazing snowpack, the 16th Annual Gunnison River Festival will take place over 2 weekends!  All Whitewater Park events have been rescheduled for Saturday, August 24.  I Bar Pearl Jam concert, Taylor River Downriver races, I Bar/World Tour Paddling Filmfest and South Main Block Party are on!  

For more information contact Joellen, 970-275-3516.  

Celebrating our rivers in Gunnison County.  Education-Participation-Competitions.

Water in the West: Meridian Lake

By: Marissa Markus

Also on May 11th, Frank and I visit Meridian Lake Reservoir near Mount Crested Butte. Frank visits Meridian Lake Reservoir every month to inspect and report the storage amount, percent capacity, seepage, and any net changes in storage. He shares his most recent report from late March when he visited the lake with Water Commissioner, Tom Rozman, so that I have a sense of what I am getting myself into. As an intern, I had no choice but to roll up my pantlegs and cross the icy waters of Washington Gulch to access Meridian Lake Reservoir. Thankfully, Frank crosses first, and he throws me a life line by tossing his trekking poles back for me to use.  As you can see in the picture, after we wade the creek, there is still a little snow that we push through to conduct this month’s inspection. Making my way through the creek and snow, up a steep hill and to the water’s edge, I think back to my last visit to Meridian Lake Reservoir in the summer of 2008. At the time, I had had no idea that I was swimming in a dammed lake. Well, I’ll be damned if such a small structure is considered a dam! And although I enjoyed my first swim in the lake back in 2008, I am not eager to take a dip this trip. . . I am there to observe and learn.

Frank informs me that Meridian Lake Reservoir was formed naturally by beaver damming, and then some time in the 1950’s, the Rozman family constructed a little dam to maintain water storage. The lake became a focus for the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District in 1998 because of nearby development and augmentation. Then the 2002/2003 drought exposed the vulnerability of basin water users to senior downstream water rights, and it was time to take action. In 2005, the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District purchased the water rights from the Rozman family in response to the need for an augmentation plan. They rebuilt the dam to current standards, and Meridian Lake Reservoir now serves augmentation needs for junior uses on Washington Gulch, Slate River, and the Upper East River.  It was purchased for $750,000, and after 12 years, UGRWCD just achieved cost neutrality.  We are very fortunate that the UGRWCD voluntarily took this responsibility upon themselves. A lack of planning by public officials and developers could have left homeowners up a creek without a paddle…. While it continues to serve constituents with affordable water replacement for depletions, it also serves as a popular destination for the recreation and fishing communities. That’s why you’ll find me wading the stream crossing once again this summer.

Water in the West: 4th Grade Water Festival

By: Marissa Markus 

On May 26, 2017, I attended the 4th Grade Water Festival. The water festival is an annual event that has been occurring in Gunnison for over ten years. Throughout the course of the day, students participate in eight workshop stations. They eagerly learn and share their existing knowledge about water in the Gunnison watershed. I am surprised by students’ existing knowledge and their willingness to engage in conversation with station educators. The entire festival was a rewarding experience for students, educators, and observers. I am thankful for all the hard work that goes into organizing such an event and for the role the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District plays in the event.

The Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District supplies a hands-on educational stream trailer for their station. Liz With and interns take turns leading the stream trailer curriculum. Liz asks Ashley Cook’s 4th Grade class to share what they know about sediment, erosion, aquifers, ground and surface water, watersheds, riparian areas, run-off, permeability, channelization, and meandering streams. After some discussion, it’s time for students to get their hands dirty and participate in a couple experiments. First, Liz turns the water on to show the differences between channelized and meandering stream systems. Students are entertained as cows, fences, structures, and sediments are pulled into the flow of the channelized system. Students also point out that the water moves more slowly through the meandering system. Then, students separate into groups and are challenged to restore the channelized system and to properly divert water to irrigate an alfalfa field without jeopardizing the meandering stream. Within a short time, the groups work together to create a plan and use the materials provided to achieve their tasks. A student, Maggie, explains how they add vegetation and rocks to help restore the channelized system. Another student explains the irrigation structure they built. While there are some successes and some mistakes, students leave the station with lessons learned and a smile.

Students attend a presentation on agricultural water use and plant dynamics by Eric McPhail with the CSU extension. Eric, with obvious artistic ability, draws the roots, root hairs, trunk, branches, and leaves of a tree. He explains the process of transpiration and uses a plastic straw to help students understand the role of xylem in water transportation. Following a short but informative presentation, it is time for fun. Students split into groups of boys versus girls. Their objective is to mimic water transportation, to move water up through a straw without sucking or blowing directly in the straw. Students take a second straw and blow across the top of the straw placed in the colored water. This creates a difference in pressure that pulls the water up the straw. Then, one student climbs to the top of a ladder and pretends to be a tree. He is a couple feet above a cup of water. He sucks through an elongated straw in order to pull the water all the way up to his leaves. He raises his arms as he successfully takes a sip! A greater appreciation for the hard work of plants and plant systems is developed.

There is also a presentation on fisheries ecosystems by Dan Brauch with Colorado Parks and Wildlife. The students act out the life cycle of a kokanee salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Students are selected to either act out the role of a kokanee salmon or the role of a limiting factor. The salmon (students with the assigned role) are released from the hatchery, where they have to travel to Blue Mesa Reservoir, survive for 2-5 years, and then travel upstream to spawn. With limiting factors restricting the number of kokanee salmon that make it back upstream, not many students make it to the end of the course. They frantically run around and most of them have been snatched up by lake trout, which grow to be just about the same size as a 4th grade student. Maybe a little exaggeration there, but it got the point across to the students. Then the number of kokanee salmon is increased, the number of limiting factors like lake trout are reduced, and the life cycle is reenacted. Students more successfully run through the course of the kokanee life cycle. Dan asks students to explain the limiting factors and students provide answers like predation, dams, and anglers. Students then expand on ways to address or manage for the limiting factors of kokanee salmon in our own Blue Mesa Reservoir.

Laura Tomcek with the National Park Service discusses the importance of water conservation at her station. First, she uses a gallon of water to represent all of the water on Earth. She uses a quarter cup to represent the fresh water. Two tablespoons make up the liquid freshwater, and eight drops from a dropper make up all of our rivers and lakes. Then students discuss ways humans use this limited resource. Our three biggest uses of water are leaky faucets, washing machines, and showers. Well informed, they are ready to run through a relay race. They split evenly into teams to race each other. Rolling dice at the leaky faucet station, each student hops on one foot the number they rolled with a full glass of water. They move to the washing machine station where they spin a number of times, and then they pour the water back and forth between two cups at the shower station. They race to the end, empty the remaining water into a bin, and race to hand off the cup to the next student. The group that conserves the most water joyously wins the race.

Dan Zadra and Brandon Diamond with Colorado Parks and Wildlife lead discussions about wildlife that utilize riparian habitat. Skulls and pelts line a log by the Gunnison River. This includes species like moose, badgers, coyotes, and prairie dogs. Dan uses the teeth, eye location, and nasal cavity of each skull to help identify 1) species 2) their food source and 3) how they depend on riparian habitat. He fills the presentation with helpful sayings like, “eyes on the side, born to hide, and eyes in the front, born to hunt.” A moose has teeth for grinding vegetation so they are herbivorous. They are heavily dependent on the vegetation that grows within a riparian area. Also, having eyes on the side, students know that they are prey, vulnerable to predators, and can benefit from having a greater range of vision while their head is lowered for grazing.

Jim Lovelace with the Bureau of Land Management demonstrates the significance of ethical camping. He informs students about where to camp, where to go to the bathroom, and where to dispose of waste in riparian areas. Students put a flag where they think they should go to the bathroom, and at the end of four presentations, students observe the sheer number of flags waving in the wind. Students also learn about the problems associated with camp fires. Fires sterilize soil and the number of fire rings can drastically increase like the number of pin flags used to show bathroom spots. Jim demonstrates solutions to reduce fire rings and shows students the appropriate size wood to burn.

Nicole Gibney with the National Park Service introduces students to macro-invertebrates. First, students break down the meaning of aquatic macroinvertebrates. They learn about life cycles and metamorphosis. Macroinvertebrates are in their juvenile state in the water, and this is when it is the most fun for students to catch and try their hand at identifying the aquatic critters. The water is flowing pretty quickly through the Gunnison River, so Nicole took the pleasure of collecting samples ahead of time and placing them in tubs with helpful identification keys. Students huddle around the tubs and spend a little time looking at different macroinvertebrates.

Last, but certainly not least, Ashley Hom with the US Forest Service guides students through the process of calculating stream flows and the significance of understanding stream hydrology. She even helps me to better visualize and guess the quantity of water flowing through the Gunnison River.  Ashley starts out by introducing students to United States Forest Service and their role in our public lands. She informs students about good stewardship practices by inserting fun sayings like, “don’t leave your TP from your pee-pee.”  She then brings some real science into the mix, and students measure how quickly a stick floats 100 feet in 10 seconds. Students compare their estimated flow rate of cubic feet per second (cfs) against their calculated cfs flow rate.

At the end of the day, everyone has learned a lot, including myself. This is a fantastic event, and I am grateful for having attended and even participated. I would personally like to thank the presenters who took the time to plan and organize such fun and educational stations. The community benefits significantly from a deep understanding of our watershed. They also walked away with the tools they need to be environmental stewards and best practices for water resources.

Water in the West: Lake San Cristabol

By: Marissa Markus 

On May 11th, Frank and I made the scenic road trip from Gunnison to Lake City to tour the natural and picturesque Lake San Cristobal.  We looked for the Slumgullion slide that formed Lake San Cristobal about a thousand years ago after the slide blocked off the Lake Fork of the Gunnison River. We drove partially up Slumgullion Pass and stopped at an overlook still splotched with snow. Below us was a breathtaking view of Lake San Cristobal. It seemed peaceful and quiet compared to the hustle and bustle of the summer season. Right now, the reservoir fills from spring runoff. This is crucial to fulfill Lake City’s plan for augmentation.

Lake City has 1999 junior water rights for two municipal wells, but the 2002 drought brought to light the realistic threats a changing climate has on accessing water. The Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District participated in a partnership to install a spillway gate at the historic outlet of the lake. This project was a partnership with Hinsdale County and the town of Lake City. The purpose of the spillway is to control the top three feet of lake storage that can then be used to help augment existing and future wells in Lake Fork Basin. This helps protect users against downstream calls. In addition, it maintains lake levels for uses like recreation and fishing.

Frank and I drove down the pass to take a closer look at the Obermeyer spillway gate. The gate was installed in 2012 and uses an air-filled bladder to raise, lower, and reposition the gate. The appealing thing about this gate is that it doesn’t take away from the aesthetic beauty of the natural lake, which brings recreational tourists and locals alike to explore the lake’s potential. Monte Hanna, with Hinsdale County Road and Bridge Department, helps as we measure the lake height on the staff gage and make minor adjustments to the Obermeyer controls. Frank literally lays on his stomach across a boulder below the spillway gate to get an accurate read on the gage. He’s dedicated. Fortunately, with such dedicative efforts from UGRWCD, Hinsdale County, and the Town of Lake City, this project successfully protects instream flow and minimum lake levels determined by the Colorado Water Conservation Board and augments water for the city, all while maintaining the aesthetic beauty of the lake.


Water in the West: Balancing Water Users’ Needs

By: Marissa Markus

On May 10, 2017, I attended the Taylor Local User Group (TLUG) meeting as a guest. TLUG meetings are held at the Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District (UGRWCD) office for users of Taylor Park Reservoir and Taylor River. UGRWCD hosts a diversity of meetings pertaining to constituents and their water management needs, but the purpose of this meeting was to incorporate users’ flow requests into the Taylor Park Reservoir operations plan proposal. Earlier this year, the group met and discussed how much water they wanted and when. In general, the plan incorporates hydrologic conditions, ramping rate stipulations, peak flow targets, end of year flow and storage targets, and release requests by users and requests discussed at the Four Parties meeting. The plan utilized the May 15 forecast data of 107,000 acre feet (AF) of April-July runoff into Taylor Park Reservoir. The plan was then updated and included actual data through May 18th. Even since then, Frank Kugel, the General Manager at UGRWCD suggests that since inflows to the reservoir have been higher than previous projections, there may be a need to increase releases beyond what is presented in the current plan. Adjustments could be made to prevent Taylor Park Reservoir from spilling. This means that Frank will have to continue to make changes to his fun and fancy excel spreadsheets that compiles data and helps forecast flows.

As you may have noticed, predicting and managing flows for a diversity of stakeholders can be complicated and requires frequent adjustments. As Frank likes to say, “If everyone leaves equally mad, then I have done my job.” I didn’t find that to be the case, though. Remembering that this year is forecasted to operate as a wet year, I felt a good sense of community at the meeting. Frank successfully coordinated with Bureau of Reclamation, the angler representative, the agriculture representative, the private land representative, the Uncompahgre user representative, the marina representative, and the fisheries representative to adopt an operating plan for Taylor Park Reservoir. Managing flow releases from the reservoir is no easy task, but I would like believe that if there is a water challenge, UGRWCD likes to take a stab at a solution. Better yet, in this case, they created a useable solution and reasonable plan.




Water in the West: Intern Introduction

By: Marissa Markus

I would like to introduce myself so that I may explain how I became so interested in watershed management. I moved to Gunnison, Colorado in August of 2008 from Kingwood, New Jersey. Gunnison appealed to me for several reasons, one being that it was so similar and yet so different from where I had grown up. Gunnison and Kingwood are both small, rural towns filled with charismatic and hardworking individuals, making Gunnison instantly feel like home. I’ll admit it though, it did take me a while to not miss the thick, green forests of Kingwood and appreciate the dry, patchy sage-steppe of Gunnison. A while being about two years. I vividly remember the moment I did start to appreciate it. I had just spent a little time traveling, and I was driving home (to Gunnison) from Denver. Afternoon storms had just finished blowing over and everything was happily wet. I rolled down my window and was surprised by the prominent smell of sagebrush. I used to like the way the rain smelled in New Jersey too, but this time I had missed the smell of sage. That was when I realized that every place, every habitat had something unique and wonderful at least hidden within. I would spend the following seven years developing an intimate relationship with this place, my home, and our community of Gunnison, Colorado.

I graduated from Western State Colorado University (WSCU) in 2012 with a double major in Environmental Studies and Ecology. Upon graduating, I began digging my roots deep in the ground because, well, that’s where the water is. I became a wildlife research technician, and I worked with the Uncompahgre fritillary butterfly and white-tailed ptarmigan in the alpine, Gunnison sage-grouse and Gunnison prairie dogs in the sage-steppe, and burrowing owls and black-footed ferrets in the grasslands. You name the species, I probably lovingly harassed it. Having said that, the summer of 2013 was the most time I had ever spent wandering around the sagebrush. Simply put, it was humbling, and I was honored to do the work I was doing. Being in love with this place, I could not help but begin to question whether my work was a reasonable contribution to the land and its constituents.

I was always drawn to the water. The wetlands were literally in my backyard in New Jersey and the Gunnison River has been out my front door here. It is beautiful, powerful, ebbing and flowing, stubborn yet flexible, hot or cold with little in-between, a trickle or a rush, and a life breathing force. I could go on … but basically I can relate because it’s a lot like me. Or one could at least dream big, right? On a serious note, it is a great and powerful resource that needs to be delicately balanced or life cannot sustain. If we do not use it wisely at the headwaters, then the consequences are ten-fold. Drawing from this passion for water that has always been deep inside me and with this yearning to make a positive influence in our community, I enrolled in the Master’s in Environmental Land Management Program (MEM) at WSCU.

With my history of wildlife research and writing dry, scientific papers, I hoped to easily transition from biology to hydrology. I figured I could at-least get my feet wet, so to speak, and start to network within the water community. I recently accepted an internship position with UGRWCD as an opportunity to learn 1) how water is managed in the Gunnison River Basin and 2) what the UGRWCD’s role is in that management. I never thought that I would find myself here, blogging for UGRWCD, because I love how reclusive wildlife research can be and how impersonal scientific literature is. I quickly surrendered to the fact that water is a social issue, and I’ll have to be both personable and passionate to address the issues surrounding water. It is an issue that directly influences my home and my community. Thus, I started volunteering on the Wet Meadows Project which works to restore critical riparian habitat, I attended water conferences, and I started attending UGRWCD board meetings. At this point, I am still enthralled with this organization, and I am thrilled to tour water projects in the basin and attend meetings and workshops.

Wet Meadows Coordinator Hired

The Wet Meadow Restoration-Resilience Project has selected Tom Grant as their project coordinator, replacing Betsy Neely of The Nature Conservancy (TNC). Local land managers, private landowners, and non-profit groups such as TNC have been working together for five years to restore wet meadows in upland habitats surrounding Gunnison. The Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District (UGRWCD) has taken over the lead from TNC in organizing the large-scale, collaborative project and Tom Grant’s role is to help coordinate the implementation of projects, scientific monitoring, and development of educational outreach and volunteer programs.

The collaborative, cross-boundary project is improving habitat using small rock structures and earthen impoundments to slow down the flow of water through the system and restore the critical wet meadows that are found scattered throughout the sagebrush landscape. The project’s goals are to enhance the resilience of wet meadows and riparian areas by restoring their hydrologic and ecological function. This includes, improving rangeland health and forage for livestock, enhancing habitat for the Gunnison Sage-grouse and other wildlife species, and increasing the ecosystems’ resilience to a changing climate.

Dr. Grant currently works as a lecturer in Western State Colorado University’s Master in Environmental Management (MEM) program. His background in restoration ecology includes working on wetland restorations in the San Juan mountains, reclamation of oil/gas pads on the Western Slope, revegetation of riparian areas impacted by mine tailings, and management of invasive plant species. The Wet Meadow Restoration-Resilience Project is expanding projects on public lands and looking for more partnerships with private landowners. Additionally, the project is working with the Western Colorado Conservation Corps to hire a team of local youths (ages 16-25) to build and maintain the restoration structures. Please contact Tom Grant ( at the UGRWCD with any questions about the project, volunteering, or the paid positions with the Western Colorado Conservation Corp.


Cottonwood Seeds

Good ideas are like cottonwood seeds .
Floating by gently in the breeze,
Swirling in the air currents with ease.

Dearly beloved trees,
Why do you choose to hold on to your leaves?
And why do you choose to let go of your seeds?
Maybe it is so they take root.
Like an idea in our minds,
That grows with passing time.

It takes work to nurture these things
Dearly beloved mind,
Please let now be the time.
Let these ideas take root!
And from that my roots shoot!

If this idea can’t
Tomorrow is another chance
To watch the cottonwood seeds dance

By: Carlo Demma

UGRWCD Mini-Grant Program

The Upper Gunnison River Water Conservancy District (District) has established a mini-grant program to support educational projects designed to expand awareness of water-related issues in the Upper Gunnison Valley. Grant requests may be up to $300.

Anyone currently engaged in education activities within the Upper Gunnison River watershed (upstream of Blue Mesa Dam) is eligible to apply for a mini-grant. This includes school or university faculty, watershed groups, or other resource organizations with a strong water connection. Western State Colorado University students developing and teaching water curriculum as part of a class may also apply.

For more information, please see the guidelines, or contact the District at or 970-641-6065.